COVID-19 Scan for Feb 11, 2022

Maternal COVID-19 vaccination not tied to poor toddler outcomes

A brand new examine on outcomes amongst infants whose moms obtained the Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA vaccine in being pregnant confirmed that no detrimental outcomes have been related to maternal vaccination, together with preterm start, small start weight for gestational age (SGA), congenital malformations, and toddler dying.

It was printed yesterday in JAMA Pediatrics.

The population-based cohort examine, which included all singleton reside births in March by means of September 2021, included ladies and infants seen inside a big state-mandated healthcare group in Israel. A complete of 24,288 eligible newborns have been included, of whom 16,697 have been expose within the first (2,134 infants) or second (9,364) trimester to maternal vaccination in utero.

In January 2021, Israel formally advisable vaccination with the two-dose Pfizer vaccine for all pregnant ladies. Girls who have been vaccinated in being pregnant tended to be older, extra prosperous, and have larger uptake of the seasonal influenza vaccine.

The danger of any congenital malformation was not considerably totally different amongst uncovered or unexposed infants, with a danger ratio (RR) of  0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44 to 1.04), much like the RR for coronary heart malformations of 0.75 (95% CI, 0.43 to 1.26). The danger for main coronary heart malformations was decrease among the many uncovered group, with an RR of 0.46 (95% CI, 0.24 to 0.82), the authors discovered. There have been no variations noticed for hospitalization.

“This huge, nationally consultant examine examined varied congenital outcomes and detected no elevated danger for early toddler morbidity or mortality amongst live-born infants prenatally uncovered to BNT162b2 [Pfizer] vaccination as in contrast with unexposed infants,” the authors concluded.
Feb 10 JAMA Pediatr study

 

Combine ‘n’ match COVID-19 vaccine boosting might decrease breakthrough instances

A examine this week within the New England Journal of Medication (NEJM) finds that receiving a booster dose of a distinct model of COVID-19 vaccine after receiving the Johnson & Johnson (J&J) vaccine within the major sequence might stop extra breakthrough infections.

Researchers on the Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System studied 4,806,026 veterans in a database containing data on all veterans recognized as having COVID-19.

The veterans have been grouped in line with whether or not their major sequence was with both the J&J vaccine (43,394 contributors) or the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna mRNA COVID-19 vaccines (965,063). Every participant who obtained a distinct (heterologous) vaccine as a booster dose was matched with a peer who obtained the identical (homologous) vaccine.

Among the many veterans who had obtained the J&J major sequence, there have been 415 COVID-19 infections, together with 34 with average sickness and 12 with extreme or crucial illness. Of the infections, 278 occurred in veterans who had obtained a homologous booster, and 137 occurred in these given a heterologous booster, for a roughly 50% decrease incidence among the many heterologous group (adjusted charge ratio [aRR], 0.49). Likewise, the aRRs for average and extreme sickness have been decrease within the heterologous group.

Amongst contributors whose major sequence was with the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, there have been 362 infections, together with 23 veterans with average sickness and eight with extreme or crucial illness. There was no distinction between the incidence of COVID-19 an infection of any severity amongst veterans within the heterologous or homologous group (aRR, 1.10), and outcomes have been comparable in those that obtained both mRNA vaccine.

The authors famous that latest medical trials of COVID-19 boosters have discovered that heterologous boosting provokes a higher antibody response than homologous doses in wholesome adults.

“Our findings assist the outcomes of those medical trials since we noticed the biggest variety of documented breakthrough infections in contributors who had obtained a homologous Ad26.COV2.S [J&J] booster,” the examine authors wrote. “Our evaluation supplies additional proof that the an infection charge is decrease in individuals who’re boosted with a heterologous mRNA vaccine.”
Feb 9 NEJM research letter

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