Melatonin is a hormone that your mind naturally produces in response to darkness — and, when taken as a complement, it may possibly supply a myriad of advantages. Based on the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, melatonin may help with regulating your circadian rhythm (your 24-hour inside clock), jet lag, and anxiousness earlier than and after surgical procedures. It is also been proven to probably assist in signs for many who have COVID-19 and most cancers, although further research is still necessary. Nevertheless, most individuals use melatonin to help them fall asleep.
Research shows that melatonin does certainly assist with sleep high quality; nevertheless, doctors generally do not recommend individuals take these dietary supplements for an extended time period, as there is a lack of research on long-term use. That mentioned, you are unlikely to become dependent on the supplement or turn into used to its results, that are identified dangers with different sleep aids, based on the Mayo Clinic.
One security concern that is essential to notice: melatonin dietary supplements can work together with sure drugs, and a few medical professionals say that features hormonal contraception drugs. Does that imply you’ll be able to’t take melatonin if you happen to’re on contraception? Not fairly — however there’s extra to know. Forward, specialists clarify what you have to learn about taking melatonin and contraception and whether or not or not it is one thing you have to fear about.
How Does Melatonin Have an effect on Delivery Management?
There is no such thing as a present information or analysis that confirms melatonin dietary supplements can’t be taken with oral contraceptives, says Kim Langdon, MD, a board-certified ob-gyn in Ohio. In different phrases, there is not any motive to fret about melatonin decreasing the effectiveness of your contraception since there’s “no information to point it is an issue,” she says.
Nevertheless, some medical professionals do have theories on how melatonin dietary supplements may probably work together with oral contraceptives.
For one, melatonin is of course produced within the pineal gland, the identical gland that regulates intercourse hormones, says Savita Ginde, MD, vp of medical affairs at Stride Community Health Center and former chief medical officer of Deliberate Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains. And whereas there aren’t any definitive research, “one can suggest that taking or including exterior melatonin may impression pure cycles, whether or not it is pure sleep cycles or pure hormonal cycles, reminiscent of people who impression ovulation and menstrual cycles and thus have an effect on fertility,” Dr. Ginde explains.
Nonetheless, that is unlikely to impression contraception effectiveness, Dr. Langdon says, as a result of oral contraception drugs work by suppressing ovulation. And whereas melatonin might have an effect on intercourse hormones reminiscent of
estrogen or progesterone, it is unlikely to have an effect on follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone, the 2 hormones that management ovulation, she explains.
It is also price contemplating the place and the way the physique processes melatonin. Melatonin is metabolized within the liver — the identical place contraception drugs are metabolized, Heather Bartos, MD, a board-certified ob-gyn, tells POPSUGAR. So, theoretically, “by asking the liver to do double obligation, it may decrease the effectiveness of the contraception tablet,” she says. This is identical motive certain antibiotics and other medications and supplements also can intrude with the metabolization of contraception, she explains. Nevertheless, once more, there is no such thing as a analysis that confirms melatonin makes your contraception any much less efficient, says Dr. Langdon.
It is also necessary to notice that melatonin might work together with sure types of birth control pills in another way than others, although there hasn’t been sufficient analysis performed to find out precisely how and to what extent that is the case.
So, Ought to You Cease Taking Melatonin Whereas on Delivery Management?
In all, if you happen to’re taking melatonin greater than “every now and then,” each Dr. Bartos and Dr. Ginde suggest speaking to your physician to make sure that you are protected against undesirable being pregnant and that your sleep issues are being adequately handled. “If sleep is a matter, do not self-diagnose,” Dr. Ginde says. “Discuss along with your doctor about options, and if melatonin is a part of that plan, you and your physician can assessment if and the way a specific dose will impression your particular sort of contraception.”
The underside line as we all know it’s this: if you happen to’re usually reaching for melatonin dietary supplements whereas additionally being on the tablet, it is in all probability nothing to be anxious about, but it surely’s nonetheless a good suggestion to seek the advice of your physician.
— Further reporting by Taylor Andrews
Picture Supply: POPSUGAR Pictures / Nina Brewster