Overharvest has put the Nice Barrier Reef’s tropical sea cucumber populations in peril, researchers have revealed, with robust demand for this delicacy from East and Southeast Asia.
A crew led by The College of Queensland’s Dr Kenny Wolfe mentioned fishery information collected alongside Australia’s major sea cucumber fishing floor confirmed the necessity for regulatory modifications.
“The Nice Barrier Reef is house to 10 of the world’s 16 endangered or weak sea cucumber species,” Dr Wolfe mentioned.
“The info reveals populations of a number of the highest-valued species have been dwindling as a result of growing and chronic international overharvest.”
“They’re seen as a delicacy to some, however sea cucumbers are the earthworms or vacuums of the ocean, serving to hold the seafloor clear and productive — they’re essential for wholesome ocean ecosystems.”
One fast-disappearing group of tropical sea cucumbers, referred to as teatfish, was of explicit concern.
“Teatfish are listed on CITES — the Conference on Worldwide Commerce in Endangered Species — which offers a robust foundation to limit their harvest and export,” Dr Wolfe mentioned.
“But two of those species, the white and black teatfish, represented greater than 20 per cent of the Queensland fishery’s current whole catch.
“Populations of teatfish are most in danger due to their excessive market worth and poor copy.
“In truth, black teatfish numbers haven’t recovered since their fishery was closed in 1999 as a result of overharvest — though the fishery reopened in 2019.
“In December 2021, we noticed a ray of hope, when the federal Minister for the Atmosphere Sussan Ley supported the CITES itemizing, and in recognition of their perilous state decided that black teatfish harvest wouldn’t be permitted.
“It is a fantastic win for considered one of our 10 endangered or weak sea cucumbers, however additional coverage interventions are wanted to make sure different sea cucumber populations do not begin teetering towards extinction.”
Fellow investigator, Professor Maria Byrne from The College of Sydney, mentioned efficient statutory regulation was important for shielding sea cucumbers.
“The Nice Barrier Reef sea cucumber fishery has lengthy been working underneath what’s referred to as a non-regulatory — and due to this fact a non-binding — Efficiency Measurement System,” Professor Byrne mentioned.
“This method beneficial common evaluation of sea cucumber shares, however these weren’t finished, so business has been working with none actual concept of their harvests’ affect on inventory sustainability.
“Going ahead it’s going to be important to have a statutory regulated and enforced coverage framework for normal impartial inventory assessments for all tropical sea cucumber species harvested on the Nice Barrier Reef.
“Solely then would we have the ability to assess what’s sustainable harvest and establish species-specific interventions, hopefully avoiding native extinction of those ecologically vital sea cucumber species on the Nice Barrier Reef.”
“That is important for the well being of the reef and offers an vital contribution to assembly the Australian and Queensland Governments’ Reef 2050 plan, making certain the UNESCO “at-risk” standing of the Nice Barrier Reef is prevented, and for Queensland Division of Agriculture and Fisheries to satisfy its newest Sustainable Fisheries Technique.”