Quick Information: What You Have to Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Medically reviewed byRobyn Faye, M.D.

September is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) awareness month.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is likely one of the commonest hormonal problems in ladies. But, as much as 75% of people who have PCOS remain undiagnosed. We reached out to Robyn Faye, M.D., an OB-GYN with Abington-Jefferson Ladies’s Well being Care Group and a member of HealthyWomen’s Women’s Health Advisory Council, to search out out what it is best to learn about this situation.

What’s PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)?

PCOS is a hormonal dysfunction that impacts the ovaries. Individuals with PCOS might have too many male hormone (androgen) ranges or different irregular lab outcomes, rare intervals, and/or enlarged ovaries which have small fluid-filled sacs, referred to as follicles or cysts, on their periphery.

What are the signs of PCOS?

PCOS signs are totally different for everyone. Nonetheless, some frequent signs of PCOS are:

  • Irregular intervals
  • Extreme zits
  • Extra facial or physique hair development (fancy phrase for this: hirsutism)
  • Weight acquire
  • Insulin resistance (when your physique doesn’t reply to insulin, which frequently ends in excessive blood sugar ranges and might presumably result in diabetes)
  • Abnormally excessive ranges of insulin in your blood (known as hyperinsulinemia, if you wish to get technical)

How does PCOS get recognized?

PCOS will be recognized by healthcare suppliers (HCPs) primarily based on signs, a pelvic exam or transvaginal ultrasound to search for abnormalities, or by way of blood checks.

  • PCOS will be recognized when an individual has at the least two of three telltale indicators:
    • Irregular blood check outcomes
    • Irregular intervals
    • “Ring of pearls” (ovaries with elevated cysts and quantity)
  • Clues from blood work {that a} HCP can use to find out if an individual has PCOS will be:
    • Excessive androgen ranges
    • Indicators of metabolic points reminiscent of extreme insulin in blood and excessive fasting ldl cholesterol, triglyceride or blood glucose ranges

What causes PCOS?

We don’t know precisely what causes PCOS but, however consultants assume PCOS might be influenced by genetics and the setting.

How do you deal with PCOS?

There’s no treatment for PCOS, however there are a lot of therapies which will assist to regulate PCOS signs and preserve it from getting worse. The remedy that’s best for you is dependent upon your particular wants. For instance:

  • Life-style modifications geared toward weight reduction, together with a low-calorie weight loss plan and train program, are frequent suggestions for all PCOS sufferers. It is because weight reduction might assist PCOS get higher and assist push back its attainable results in your metabolism.
  • Contraception tablets can assist cut back androgen ranges and regulate an individual’s menstrual cycle.
  • Metformin, a standard Type 2 diabetes medicine, can assist enhance insulin resistance and decrease blood sugar ranges.
  • Spironolactone, which minimizes the impact of extra androgens on the pores and skin, might help with extreme zits brought on by PCOS.

Does PCOS trigger different medical circumstances?

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