Information Scan for Aug 31, 2022

WHO Director: World doesn’t must reside with monkeypox

Director-Common Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, PhD, of the World Well being Group (WHO) at present mentioned many European international locations, together with Germany and the Netherlands, had been displaying continued slowing of recent monkeypox instances, whereas international locations within the Americas (save for Canada) are nonetheless seeing elevated case counts.

Tedros mentioned the slowing of instances in Europe, as soon as the epicenter of the present outbreak, is welcome information.

“There are encouraging early indicators, as evidenced in France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, the UK. These indicators affirm what we’ve got mentioned persistently for the reason that starting: that with the correct measures, that is an outbreak that may be stopped,” Tedros mentioned. “And in areas that shouldn’t have animal-to-human transmission, it is a virus that may be eradicated.”

In contrast to COVID-19, which the world must reside with for the foreseeable future, monkeypox doesn’t should grow to be an accepted illness, Tedros mentioned.

“Eliminating monkeypox wants three issues: the proof that it is doable, which we at the moment are starting to see; political will and dedication; and the implementation of public well being measures within the communities that want them most,” mentioned Tedros.

Globally there are greater than 50,000 instances of monkeypox. In the USA, the entire stands at 18,417.
Aug 31 WHO remarks
Aug 31 CDC update

Restricted COVID healthcare tied to extra deaths in youngsters, mothers in poor international locations

COVID-19–associated healthcare disruptions within the first 12 months of the pandemic had been tied to almost 114,000 extra deaths in kids and moms in 18 low- and middle-income international locations, threatening to erase years of progress, based on a world modeling research revealed yesterday in PLOS Medication.

A staff led by researchers from the World Financial institution extracted information on health-service utilization from well being administration data programs in 18 low- and middle-income international locations in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and the Center East from January 2018 to June 2021.

Throughout all international locations, all outpatient healthcare visits declined by an estimated common of 13.1%, with drops of two.6% for maternal providers and 4.6% for little one providers. These decreases had been related to a projected 110,686 extra deaths in kids youthful than 5 years and three,276 extra deaths in moms, representing 3.6% and 1.5% jumps in little one and maternal dying charges, respectively.

Healthcare utilization shortfalls different broadly amongst international locations and well being providers over time. The most important healthcare disruptions, linked to 27.5% of extra deaths, occurred in spring 2020. The scope of health-service disruptions was considerably related to the strictness of lockdowns.

The researchers mentioned the healthcare disruptions might have resulted from restricted healthcare providers throughout COVID-19 surges; shortages of staff, area, and provides; and variations in affected person habits due to modifications in public transportation, lockdowns, and concern of an infection in a healthcare setting.

“This use of facility information highlights the potential, with extra funding and validation, for these programs to play an essential function in monitoring the resilience of well being programs throughout occasions of shock,” they wrote.

In a PLOS information launch, lead creator Tashrik Ahmed, PhD, MPH, of the World Financial institution, mentioned the research reveals how the pandemic has negated years of progress in little one and maternal well being in susceptible communities. “As international locations sort out a number of crises that proceed to limit service supply and utilization, these findings may help them promote efficient insurance policies to strengthen well being programs and get well with higher resilience,” he mentioned.
Aug 30 PLOS Med study and news release

Research: COVID-19 vaccine incentives don’t influence uptake

Small incentives to get a COVID-19 vaccine, together with quantities of $10 to $50, don’t meaningfully improve COVID-19 vaccination charges amongst the vaccine hesitant based on a California research. The research is revealed in Vaccine.

The research was performed in mid-to-late 2021, after vaccines had been broadly and simply out there throughout California. Researchers focused 2,701 unvaccinated members of a Medicaid managed care plan in California and randomly assigned them to totally different public well being messages, $10 or $50 monetary incentives for vaccination, a easy vaccination appointment scheduler, or management (no intervention). On the time of the research, roughly 30% of Medicaid recipients in California had been unvaccinated.

Not one of the interventions influenced or elevated vaccination charges.

“Though some public well being messages elevated vaccination intentions, not one of the interventions meaningfully modified COVID-19 vaccination charges among the many vaccine hesitant,” the authors mentioned.

Furthermore, the authors discovered providing monetary incentives had perverse results on intention to vaccination amongst Trump supporters and people 40 and older.
Aug 30 Vaccine study

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