Brief antibiotic course holds up in opposition to prolonged course for pediatric pneumonia

Might 13, 2022

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Please see the research for all authors’ related monetary disclosures.

An prolonged course of antibiotics confirmed no short-term scientific profit for youngsters hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia in contrast with an ordinary, shorter course, a research discovered.

The research was performed by researchers in Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore and printed in The Pediatric Infectious Illness Journal.


The researchers famous that high-level proof was restricted for antibiotic length amongst kids from First Nations and completely different at-risk populations who had been hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

“Regardless of its giant illness burden, restricted strong proof exists globally to information antibiotic therapy length for CAP,” they wrote. “Present WHO suggestions are for 3 to five days’ length in low- and middle-income international locations , whereas antibiotics are often prescribed for five to 10 days in high-income international locations.”

The research included 324 kids with uncomplicated CAP from Australia, New Zealand and Malaysia who had been managed with IV antibiotics for 1 to three days, adopted by 3 days of oral amoxicillin-clavulanate. After that, the researchers randomly assigned them to obtain both an prolonged course of antibiotics lasting 13 to 14 days or an ordinary course lasting 5 to six days.

The intent-to-treat evaluation included 163 kids within the prolonged course and 161 kids in the usual course arm. The researchers reported that 77.9% of youngsters within the extended-course arm had been cured clinically by week 4, in contrast with 81.3% of youngsters within the standard-course arm (RR for remedy = 0.96; 95% CI = 0.86-1.07). They stated considerably extra kids within the extended-course arm required oxygen supplementation (P = .02).

“On the 4-week follow-up evaluate, we discovered no short-term scientific profit from an prolonged 13- to 14-day course of antibiotics in kids 5 years previous or youthful hospitalized with CAP … in comparison with an ordinary 5- to 6-day course,” the researchers wrote.

“Oral amoxicillin-clavulanate was nicely tolerated, though there was extra diarrhea reported in these receiving the prolonged therapy course,” they continued. “Nonetheless, there have been no important between-group variations for [adverse events], nasopharyngeal bacterial colonization profiles, and [antimicrobial resistance] on the 4-week evaluate.”

The researchers stated they meant to comply with the members for an additional 2 years “to find out if the prolonged course improves long-term outcomes by lowering the prevalence of persistent respiratory signs and/or indicators, together with underlying pulmonary problems (eg, bronchiectasis), in these high-risk kids,” they wrote.


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