As individuals around the globe are studying to reside with a brand new part of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers from UConn’s School of Agriculture, Well being and Pure Sources, in collaboration with Spanish establishments, have discovered useful classes concerning the function social media performed throughout pandemic lockdowns.
In a not too long ago revealed examine within the Worldwide Journal of Environmental Analysis and Public Well being, Aviana Rosen a Ph.D. candidate within the Division of Allied Well being Sciences, and Tania Huedo-Medina, affiliate professor of biostatistics, share their findings about social media utilization in Spain through the first yr of the COVID-19 pandemic.
They discovered social media use elevated throughout all teams of Spanish adults because it served as a type of social help throughout a time when individuals have been prohibited from seeing family and friends in-person, and from collaborating of their common habits or hobbies for stress aid.
The researchers’ findings distinction lots of the destructive methods social media is usually used within the U.S., spreading misinformation and inspiring individuals to check themselves to fastidiously chosen and curated pictures of others, damaging their vanity and creating unrealistic expectations.
How social media is used can have impactful results on psychological well being. We actually must develop stronger methods and insurance policies for a wholesome social media use, amongst different features to assist us to positively work together with one another once we can not do it in particular person”
Tania Huedo-Medina, affiliate professor of biostatistics
The researchers initially got down to examine individuals’s psychological well being through the lockdown in Spain in April 2020, together with the facet of social media use as an essential factor of on a regular basis life. The qualitative portion of the examine confirmed an attention-grabbing and recurring sample within the interviews associated to an elevated use of social media.
This impressed the researchers to deal with taking a look at social media use through the COVID-19 lockdowns extra intently.
“Though none of our interview questions straight addressed or requested about social media use, members introduced it up time and again, so we determined to investigate the interviews and see what impact social media was having on individuals,” Rosen says.
The researchers discovered, total, in Spain, individuals have been utilizing apps like WhatsApp to remain linked with family and friends, and social media like YouTube and Instagram to be taught new abilities and hold lively.
“Individuals have been utilizing this in Spain to bond with their household and pals all day lengthy, ranging from digital breakfast on video calls with household, to studying and testing new recipes just about with different members of the family for dinner,” Rosen says.
The researchers developed a questionnaire and re-surveyed a portion of the unique pattern in April 2021.
The researchers discovered social media use elevated in each demographic. In the course of the first wave in 2020, 70% of respondents reported their social media use elevated. Twenty-five % mentioned it stayed the identical as earlier than the pandemic. In the course of the second wave in 2021, 89% of respondents mentioned their social media utilization had elevated or stayed the identical from the primary wave.
Essentially the most vital will increase have been in females and 18-24 year-olds, no matter intercourse.
The researchers say they’re serious about persevering with this examine to raised perceive this sample and why sure teams have suffered larger psychological well being issues through the pandemic regardless of most gravitating towards social media.
Rosen says the rise amongst younger individuals could also be as a result of many of those people had their lives disrupted in a means they by no means had earlier than.
“I believe that was a tough adjustment for lots of them,” Rosen says. “That technology has not lived via something like this.”
Girls have additionally tended to endure extra through the pandemic as caring for dependents together with youngsters or aged kin, and family obligations usually disproportionately fall to them.
“In a male-dominated society, ladies must battle more durable to realize the identical advantages as males,” Huedo-Medina says. “The pandemic added one other stage of challenges to gender equality.”
The analysis crew has acquired approval to proceed the examine for a 3rd yr. They’re hopeful that their outcomes might assist pave the way in which for the event of interventions to assist individuals use social media in a extra optimistic means that facilitates social help and connectivity, and engagement in wholesome behaviors.
“Social media would not need to be one thing that is dangerous, it may be one thing actually good,” Rosen says. “It may be a useful software for individuals of all ages.”
Rosen, A.O., et al. (2022) Is Social Media a New Sort of Social Help? Social Media Use in Spain through the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Blended Strategies Examine. Worldwide Journal of Environmental Analysis and Public Well being. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19073952.