Volvo unveils hydrogen-powered vans that emit water vapor and have 600-mile vary

Swedish auto-manufacturer Volvo Vehicles has began testing long-haul vans powered by hydrogen gas cells that solely emit water vapor, the corporate announced this week.

The vans will be capable of tow 65 tons, journey round 1000 km (620 miles) and gas up in lower than quarter-hour, the corporate mentioned.

They hope to start promoting the vans by 2030.

Scientists have been fascinated with utilizing hydrogen to energy autos for many years due to the potential environmental advantages in comparison with fossil fuels.

Conventional diesel gas utilized in many vans’s engines emits planet-warming carbon dioxide (CO2), in addition to nitrogen oxides, soot and different pollution. Hydrogen gas cells, then again, combine hydrogen with oxygen to provide electrical energy that powers the car, and water vapor as a by-product.

That being mentioned, a lot of the world’s hydrogen comes from fossil fuels, CNBC studies. Round 98 per cent of the world’s hydrogen comes from fossil fuels and releases 830 million metric tons of CO2 yearly, in response to a Columbia College fact sheet. That’s about the identical as the yearly emissions from 179 million automobiles in america.

However there are methods to provide hydrogen with out fossil fuels by splitting water (H2O) molecules into hydrogen and oxygen with electrical energy, or what’s often called “inexperienced hydrogen”. If the electrical energy used to separate these molecules comes from renewable sources, that hydrogen manufacturing and use would produce no CO2 emissions, the Columbia College sheet notes.

The Volvo Vehicles press launch mentioned that the present restricted provide of inexperienced hydrogen, in addition to hydrogen fuelling infrastructure, remained challenges for the expertise.

Presently, nearly all of the hydrogen gas stations in america are in California, which has 47 in complete. There are over 100 throughout Europe.

Volvo isn’t the one firm engaged on hydrogen-powered vans – different corporations like Toyota and Hyundai have additionally been creating hydrogen fashions. Volvo Vehicles additionally notes that they’re engaged on battery-powered electrical vans.

Transportation contributes round 27 per cent of the US’s greenhouse fuel emissions, according to the US Environmental Safety Company. Of that quantity, 26 per cent is because of medium-duty and heavy-duty vans — with 57 per cent from automobiles and eight per cent from airplanes.

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